Kyrgyzstan will swap from coal to hydropower by 2050

by Baktygul Chynybaeva
|November 3, 2021

A river flows by a valley within the Tien Shan Mountains, one of the crucial distinctive mountain ranges in Kyrgyzstan. Picture: Thomas Depenbusch (Depi) through Wikimedia Commons

On the COP26 summit in Glasgow on November 2nd, Kyrgyz President Sadyr Japarov issued a press release on the transition to a zero-emission financial system and the impression of local weather change on folks in mountainous areas.

“It will be significant for Kyrgyzstan to guard its centuries-old glaciers, water assets and enormous mountains not solely from local weather change, but in addition from unscrupulous financial life. Sadly, such precedents exist in Kyrgyzstan, so I urge the worldwide group to work collectively to sort out enterprise practices that destroy glaciers. Adaptation applications and tasks are carried out in susceptible sectors equivalent to agriculture, water assets, power, trade, emergencies, public well being, forests and biodiversity. Provided that 94 p.c of our land is mountainous, the scope of the work forward is gigantic. It can value practically $ 3 billion to implement, ”he mentioned.

Japarov mentioned that the unfavorable results of local weather change are being felt by the character and folks of the nation and that Bishkek resides as much as the objectives of the Paris Settlement. Kyrgyzstan will proceed to responsibly and comprehensively take part within the international marketing campaign to curb local weather change as a part of its nationally decided coverage by 2030.

Kyrgyz President Sadyr Japarov with US President Joseph Biden at COP26 in Glasgow, Scotland. Picture credit score: Kadyr Toktogulov through Twitter

“Kyrgyzstan goals to scale back greenhouse fuel emissions by 44 p.c by 2030. In the present day, our nation’s share within the construction of worldwide emissions is low at round 0.03 p.c. The character of the emissions is anthropogenic. We estimate that US $ 7 billion shall be wanted to implement quick medium-term measures to fight local weather change. Kyrgyzstan is aiming for a CO2-free inexperienced improvement platform by 2050. Renewable power sources, particularly hydropower, would be the engine of the zero carbon coverage. We have now began tasks to construct small and medium-sized hydropower crops to get rid of using CO2 fuels, particularly coal and heating oil, and to transform them fully into electrical energy with out harming the surroundings and the economic sector, in addition to the housing and communal sectors. ”

In response to the Central Asian Institute for Utilized Earth Research, the world of ​​glaciers in Kyrgyzstan has decreased by 16 p.c over the previous 70 years. Scientists’ predictions for the long run are usually not encouraging.

By 2100, small glaciers could have fully melted and the world of ​​white snow and blue ice may very well be lowered by as much as 50 p.c. Previously 50 years, the glacier space has shrunk by 6,683 sq. kilometers or 16-17 p.c.

“The issues I described in relation to the unfavorable results of local weather change are largely inherent in lots of mountainous international locations. To deal with them, governments, together with the Kyrgyz authorities, want outdoors assist. “We suggest {that a} particular fund, underneath the auspices of the United Nations, be set as much as implement focused applications to adapt to local weather change, with an emphasis on preserving glaciers, forests and biodiversity, enhancing catastrophe danger discount and offering socio-economic help to mountain communities. particularly ladies and youngsters, ”mentioned President Japarov.

Mountains lined with white snow and blue ice make up 4 p.c of the overall space of ​​Kyrgyzstan. Kyrgyzstan makes up 45 p.c of the glaciers in Central Asia. On the identical time, there are disagreements concerning the distribution and use of water within the area – tensions which can be more likely to enhance as water shortage and temperatures rise.

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